Consumer Price Index (CPI).

The Consumer Price Index, also called the Cost of Living Index, also because it measures the average prices of food commodities, homes, clothing, etc., and determines the inflation rate (i.e. the rate of change in prices) from the point of view of consumers when they buy goods and services.

The upward trend has a positive impact on the country’s currency because the primary goal that the central bank seeks is to achieve price stability. Therefore, when the central bank wants to fight inflation, the bank’s reaction is to raise the interest rate to help prices fall. High interest rates attract foreign investment, thus increasing demand for the country’s currency.

Core consumer prices (Core CPI).

It is derived from the previous and without food and energy prices from the main index. More attention is paid to it because it is a more accurate expression of inflation.

Retail sales

It measures the change in the volume of sales made by retailers in the country.

The retail sales index report is based on monthly statistics that include a large number of retailers. An increase in the index reflects an increase in sales levels, which indicates high levels of demand by consumers and vice versa.

The retail sales report also works to move the markets strongly at the time of its release, and as we mentioned, this indicator reflects the level of consumer confidence in the economy. With a high index reading, this means that demand levels are high, which reflects the extent of consumer confidence in the economy, and it also has a significant impact on local production. Total

Core Retail Sales

Index derived from retail sales, in which the automobile sales component is omitted.

Industrial production

It determines the total value of the products of factories, mines, and institutions in the country, regardless of their price value. This means that its data is not affected by inflation. Industrial production responds quickly to the speed of change in the business cycle and can serve as a leading indicator of industrial employment, average wages, and personal income. An upward trend has a positive impact on the country’s currency, as high production levels are a sign of a strong economy.

It is determined on a monthly basis but is issued approximately two weeks after the end of the month.

Unemployment rate

The index measures the number of unemployed people, and unemployment is considered one of the most important determinants of economic strength, as its increase leads to a decrease in income and a decrease in consumer spending, as well as a decrease in productive capabilities.
Issued monthly.
A result higher than expected has negative/bearish effects on the currency, while a result lower than expected can have a positive/bullish effect.

Rate of change in unemployment

Determine the change in the level of people complaining about unemployment and claiming compensation for it during the previous month. Consumption constitutes a large portion of GDP. A downward trend has a positive effect on a country’s currency, because more people working means more money spent.

Producer price index

The Producer Price Index determines the rate of inflation (i.e. the rate of change in prices) that industrialists experience when they purchase goods and services. When manufacturers pay more for goods and services, higher costs are more likely to be passed on to consumers, so the PPI is thought to be a leading indicator of consumer inflation. The bullish trend a positive impact on the country’s currency. The Producer Price Index is taken into account to a greater extent, and when it reaches peak readings its impact on the market is equal to that of the Consumer Price Index.

Trade balance

Determines the seasonally adjusted difference between the value of exported and imported goods and services. A positive trade balance indicates that there are more goods and services exported than goods and services imported during the same period. When the level of exports from a country to the world increases, the demand for currency increases, as foreigners convert their local currency before purchasing exports. The trade balance also has a significant impact on gross domestic production, as higher demand for exports creates an increase in employment and production, as local factories work to meet the demand. The bullish trend a positive impact on the country’s currency.

Building permits

Determines the annual level of permits issued for the construction of new residential homes. The upward trend of this report has a positive impact on the currency, as obtaining a permit represents the first step in the process of setting up a home. These statements are a leading indicator of the real estate market. Strong activity in the real estate sector indicates that the construction industry is recovering and that consumers have the capital to make large investments. More importantly, new activity in the real estate sector has another economic impact as homeowners purchase new goods for their homes and builders purchase raw materials and hire new employees to meet construction demand.

It is determined on a monthly basis, but is issued 15 days after the end of the month.

Income rate including bonuses

Average Wage Index: Determines the average wages including incentives paid to employees. This indicator is considered a quarterly indicator, and is measured in comparison to the same quarterly quarter of the previous year.

Westpac Consumer Confidence Index

The Westpac index measures the change in the level of consumer confidence in economic activity. It is a major indicator because it is able to predict consumer spending, which constitutes a major part of overall economic activity. High readings indicate consumer positivity. Therefore, readings higher than expected should be interpreted as a bullish positive for AUD, while readings lower than expected should be interpreted as negative negative for AUD.

Gross National Product (GNP).

Income and national production are measures used in economics to estimate the value of goods and services produced in a particular country. These measures are national production, national product, national income, and national expenditure.


GDP determines the total value of goods and services produced by an economy. It is a broader economic activity and a key indicator of economic health measure. The quarterly change in the percentage of gross domestic production indicates economic growth as a whole.
Higher than expected data should be taken as bullish for the currency while lower than expected data should be taken as bearish.

Employment Report(ADP).

The jobs report or ADP employment report is provided by a private American company called ADP. The report is built on the basis of more than 600,000 actions related to the company. The report reveals employment information for more than 24 million employees in private sectors in the United States..

It is similar to non-farm employment. The ADP indicator is an important indicator for the United States and for this reason it affects currencies, stocks and commodities in the market, and it is also important in news trading.

Rate of change in employment

Determines the level of change in the level of people employed over the past month. Job creation is an important indicator of economic recovery as consumption, which is closely related to human resource conditions, makes up a large portion of GDP. This report is one of the first reports published at the beginning of the month related to human resources conditions, making the market sensitive to major surprises from it. The bullish trend a positive impact on the country’s currency.

Change in private non-agricultural sector jobs

Determines the change in the level of those employed during the past month, excluding those employed in the agricultural sector. This indicator is published two days before the publication of the ADP Employment Report by the Bureau of Human Resources Statistics, which provides employment solutions for companies.

Money supply

It measures the total change in the quantities of local currency in the economic cycle and deposits in banks. It measures the overall rate of capital supply. This indicator is closely related to the interest rates of the course
Economic. A rising supply of capital leads to more spending and investment, but later an expanding supply of capital leads to inflation. Since any increase in the M3 money supply may lead to price inflation, the data for this indicator reflects the possibility of a future interest rate rise. It is issued monthly within 28 days after the end of the month.

Durable goods

They are considered an essential part of the goods that individuals consume, as they buy and keep them for the purpose of achieving a specific benefit and for a long period of time, such as cars, refrigerators, and computers. Durable goods are an indicator of moderate importance, as they have a moderate impact on the foreign exchange market. In general, the increase in the proportion of durable goods is a clear indicator that indicates an increase in productivity as a result of an increase in the rate of individuals’ consumption of goods and commodities, which leads to an improvement in the economic situation due to an increase in the rate of economic growth.

When looking at the reasons for the increase in the proportion of durable goods, we find that the more consumers trust in the country’s economy, the greater their demand for local goods, and this is their desire to benefit from economic improvement and prosperity.


Provides reference prices for globally traded dairy ingredients
The weighted average of price changes is used
It is used to avoid weighted average price bias and give a more accurate reflection of price movements in trading.
It is published every 15 days a month in Germany.

ZEW index or economic confidence index

The economic confidence index issued by the “Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung” (ZEW); It is a private institution that conducts economic and scientific study of the country’s economy. Determines institutional investor confidence. The monthly index reflects the difference between the number of optimistic investors and the number of pessimistic investors. A positive level means that the number of optimists exceeds the number of pessimists.

Net currency speculative positions with the Commodity and Futures Trading Commission

The Commodities and Futures Trading Commission’s Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CTFC) and the weekly Trader’s Disclosures (COT) report provide a breakdown of net positions " Non-commercial " (Speculation) for traders in futures markets in the United States of America.

All data corresponds to positions held by participants based on futures markets in Chicago and New York.

The disclosures report to traders is an indicator for analyzing market sentiment, and many speculators use this data to help them enter buy or sell positions. Traders’ Disclosures (COT) data are published every Friday at 3 p.m. Central time, until the weekend in the United States of America, to reflect the traders’ disclosures for the previous Tuesday.